It may be surprising to find that the right to strike is not set out explicitly in ILO Conventions and Recommendations. It has been discussed on several occasions in the International Labour Conference during the course of preparatory work on instruments dealing with related topics, but for various reasons this has never given rise to international standards (Conventions or Recommendations) directly governing the right to strike
However, the absence of explicit ILO standards should not lead to the conclusion that the Organization disregards the right to strike or abstains from providing a protective framework within which it may be exercised. Two resolutions of the International Labour Conference itself — which provide guidelines for ILO policy — in one way or another emphasized recognition of the right to strike in member States.
The “Resolution concerning the Abolition of Anti-Trade Union Legislation in the States Members of the International Labour Organisation”, adopted in 1957, called for the adoption of “laws … ensuring the effective and unrestricted exercise of trade union rights, including the right to strike, by the workers” (ILO, 1957, p. 783). Similarly, the “Resolution concerning Trade Union Rights and Their Relation to Civil Liberties”, adopted in 1970, invited the Governing Body to instruct the Director-General to take action in a number of ways “with a view to considering further action to ensure full and universal respect for trade union rights in their broadest sense”, with particular attention to be paid, inter alia, to the “right to strike” (ILO, 1970, pp. 735-736). The right to strike has also been affirmed in various resolutions of the ILO’s regional